global wheat program

In November 2020, Alison Bentley will be joining the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) as the new program director of the Global Wheat Program. Apply more precise phenotyping approaches — phenotyping platforms — and other tools, like remote sensing, to develop genetically diverse wheat varieties so that globally, annual genetic yield gains of at least 0.7 percent are achieved. Two of his colleagues had just returned from Australia, where research had recently identified micronutrient disorders in soil as a major constraint for cereal production. “This resonates with the cautionary message of the landmark 2015 study by Lloyd’s of London, which showed that the global food system is actually under significant pressure from potential, coinciding shocks, such as bad weather combined with crop disease outbreaks,” Braun said. Job Responsibilities: Program Director, Global Wheat Program. So OneCGIAR will have a wheat research program as the core It also contradicts a commonly held belief that breeding for “This is a disaster which needs immediate attention,” said Tembo. Posted in News. When it started, this translational program aimed to bridge the gap between fundamental discoveries in model plant species and commercial breeding. Posted in News. We are seeking a Program Director to lead CIMMYT’s core initiative, the Global Wheat Program (GWP). The disease made its first intercontinental jump to Asia in 2016, causing a severe outbreak in Bangladesh, reducing yield on average by as much as 51% in the affected fields. “It is important to multiply our efforts to be able to address and fulfill this tremendous demand on agriculture that we will face in the near future,” he stated. The spread of blast within Zambia is indicated by both mechanisms of expansion. Posted in Article, News. “That’s what drives me, and I know that’s what drives you This study will aid global crop breeding considerably, helping to improve crop yield, quality and pest resistance in wheat and other important crop plants. There are many other smart people here. A: The urgency is It has led to the production of a wealth of genetic resources in commercially relevant genetic backgrounds for rapid uptake into breeding. Program Director, Global Wheat Program CIMMYT is a not-for-profit research institute, one of the largest centers of the CGIAR, a global organization working on the most important Agricultural Research for Development impacts. Given the limited amount of time, we really In support of the contributions to global and local agricultural programs, Villalobos spoke at the week’s field day, or “Dia de Campo,” in front of more than 200 CIMMYT staff and visitors hailing from more than 40 countries on March 20, 2019. experience. Despite his relaxing retirement plans, Braun hopes to continue to support wheat research, whether it is through CIMMYT or through long friendships with national partners, raising awareness of population growth, the “problem of all problems” in his view. In a landmark discovery for global wheat production, a University of Saskatchewan (USask)-led international team has sequenced the genomes for 15 wheat varieties representing breeding programs around the world, enabling scientists and breeders to much more quickly identify influential genes for improved yield, pest resistance and other important crop traits. Posted in News, Training. Management Plugin, Carretera Mexico-Veracruz, Km. breeding investments and realizing that although programs like CIMMYT are His research focused on identifying the optimum location to breed spring wheat for developing countries — and he found that Obrégon was in fact the ideal location. painful and can take us out of our comfort zone,” said CIMMYT Director of In a landmark discovery for global wheat production, a University of Saskatchewan USask-led international team has sequenced the genomes for 15 wheat varieties representing breeding programs around the world, enabling scientists and breeders to much more quickly identify influential genes for improved yield, pest resistance and other important crop traits. WELCOME The CGIAR Research Program on Wheat (WHEAT) is an unprecedented global alliance for productive, climate-resilient and profitable wheat agri-food systems in lower and middle-income countries. Q: How has your experience been at this workshop? step to building a much stronger relationship, and something that will “Change can be What is the abbreviation for Global Wheat Program? separations and boundaries between programs so it should be easier and we won’t When evaluating elite lines from outside the country — in particular lines from a similar environment in the Great Plains — his team noticed they were failing but nobody knew why. After a 37-year career, Hans-Joachim Braun is retiring from the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT). It values its members’ engagement and it promotes the sharing of knowledge, information and resources to increase synergy through collaboration. It is paramount that we share germplasm, information and knowledge openly,” he said. all new improved wheat lines. “The difference between his field and his neighbors’ was so incredible. The International Maize and What Improvement Center (CIMMYT) is the global leader in publicly-funded maize and wheat research and related farming systems. The global governance of the Wheat Initiative is set out in its Charter. asking a whole range of experts to provide feedback on their wheat program and to transform the many CGIAR centers into OneCGIAR? generally around increasing the effectiveness of breeding in the face of A select group of plant breeders, quantitative geneticists, goal: to increase the rate of genetic gain — and move the needle on zinc — were talking about here is the importance of germplasm exchange, and how to fit A: It’s clear that CIMMYT is a not-for-profit research institute, one of the largest centers of the CGIAR, a global organization working on the most important Agricultural Research for Development impacts. He wanted to invite me to his home for dinner. WHEAT scientists and partners are also working quickly to study genetic factors that increase resistance to the disease and develop early warning systems, among other research interventions. I also came to fully appreciate the importance of understanding context: what does the challenge look like in the field or system it is relevant to, how will change be implemented and by who? In November 2020, I’ll be moving (at least in the virtual sense, given current travel restrictions) to the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT), based in Mexico, to lead the Global Wheat Program (GWP). The Global Wheat Program is unique — no other wheat breeding program has a comparable impact. They look forward to skiing, running, e-biking and other leisure activities. breeding program at CIMMYT, but national programs as well. For more information visit www.cimmyt.org. Global Wheat Production. “Price spikes in basic food staples sorely affect the poor, who spend much of their income simply to eat each day,” Braun added. During the basic training program, we provide participants an overview of the breeding pipeline and review breeding methodologies utilized in the Global Wheat Program for developing superior wheat germplasm. Full title: Genomic selection in the CIMMYT global wheat program – current status, lessons learnt and a look to the future Philomin Juliana, CIMMYT, Mexico Plant Breeding & … I will be available to offer additional The award offers professional development opportunities for women working in wheat. ambitious but I was positively surprised by the output. The Women in Triticum group is participating this year, yes?”. and Ministry of Agriculture Strategic Research Program Chair in Durum and He also noted the importance of continuing to improve nutritional content, growing within planetary boundaries, and taking farmers’ preferences seriously. Today, around 60 million hectares are sown with CIMMYT-derived wheat varieties, increasing the annual income of farmers by around $3 billion dollars. environments, and refutes an argument by Green Revolution critics that breeding Do you think we can do it? and management conditions. She will be succeeding Hans Braun, who has steered the program for the last 16 years. His first posting with CIMMYT was in Turkey in 1985, as a breeder in the International Winter Wheat Improvement Program (IWWIP). rice, wheat is among the top two in terms of area and contribution to total “This and the recent, huge global harvests for maize have saturated grain markets and pressured prices, driving the price of wheat futures to historic lows.”. A high-level delegation from India, including Balwinder Singh Sidhu, commissioner of agriculture for the state of Punjab, AK Singh, deputy director general for agricultural extension at the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), and AS Panwar, director of ICAR’s Indian Institute of Farming Systems Research, joined the tour and presentations. He “has been an integral partner in the development and implementation of the Durable Rust Research in Wheat (DRRW) and Delivering Genetic Gain in Wheat (DGGW) projects.”. This network, led by Cornell University, prevented a potential global wheat rust epidemic. “He said, ‘Hans, I’m really happy to inform you that Patronato decided to donate $1 million.’”. science can offer.”, Wrapping up the technical expert meeting, Gary Atlin put We are seeking a Program Director to lead CIMMYT’s core initiative, the Global Wheat Program (GWP). Flickr photos, groups, and tags related to the "globalwheatprogram" Flickr tag. As staple foods, maize and […] All experiments confirmed the presence of Magnaporthe oryzae pathotype Triticum (MoT). Wheat, one of the world’s most cultivated crops, requires its production to be increased by more than 50 per cent by 2050 in order to meet the estimated global demand. The annual tour at the Campo Experimental Norman E. Borlaug allows the global wheat community to see new wheat varieties, learn about latest research findings, and hold meetings and discussions to collaborate on future research priorities. areas where a lot of protein and calories come from wheat. climate change and intensifying cropping systems in the target countries that calories worldwide. Wheat is fundamental to human civilization and has played an outstanding role in feeding a hungry world and improving global food security. “Given that wheat is the most widely grown crop in the The collaboration allowed us to conduct a quantitative survey of the community of Fusarium species associated with wheat in northern production regions. Date: November 25, 2020. “How many programs worldwide have this expertise and meet the target criteria? I am happy to give back. One of the things we The world needs a strong CIMMYT.”. And these biofortified varieties can be integrated into farming systems,” he said. and high-input farmers but also resource-poor, smallholder farmers who do not It’s an ambitious the headquarters of the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) But zinc deficiency did not explain all growth problems. We caught up with a few of these visiting scientists to Carlos Guzman, head of wheat nutrition and quality, Mohammad Reza Jalal Kamali, CIMMYT country representative in Iran, and Alexey Morgounov, head of the International Winter Wheat Improvement Program received Yaquis, or statues of a Yaqui Indian. hybrid breeding. It is nice to see that the program is starting to In the past, trainees were assigned to specific research groups in the middle of the course, but this year trainees will be integrated into the breeding activities starting the first day of their arrival in Obregon! Not so usual anymore, but it was very rewarding. We also review core concepts on support disciplines for breeding such as genetics, statistics, plant pathology, and physiology. I also have expertise Not bad for an annual investment in breeding of around $25 million dollars. decisions are made and think about how CIMMYT wheat programs  apply new technologies to improve the rate of As a new PhD student at The University of Sydney in Australia, this was an incredible scientific experience with the course encompassing field visits, lab practicals and lectures from leading scientists (including my PhD supervisor Professor Lester Burgess). Genetic Resources Kevin Pixley, who co-moderated the workshop, “but a constant embrace a data driven selection system. Financial support for this research was provided by the Zambia Agriculture Research Institute (ZARI), the CGIAR Research Program on Wheat (WHEAT), the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR), and the US Department of Agriculture’s Agricultural Research Service (USDA-ARS). feedback and answer questions – or if the program wants to send someone to us What a privilege it was to travel around Turkey with Dr. Berna Tunali from the University of Ondokus Mayýs, sampling wheat fields by day and eating grilled fish by the Coast of Marmara by night. program, and we exchange genetic mapping populations and genotypic information “Eventually I worked my entire career for CIMMYT. He received the award on October 9, 2020, during the virtual Borlaug Global Rust Initiative (BGRI) Technical Workshop. Tembo concluded, “It is imperative that the regional and global scientific community join hands to determine effective measures to halt further spread of this worrisome disease in Zambia and beyond.”, Detection and characterization of fungus (Magnaporthe oryzae pathotype Triticum) causing wheat blast disease on rain-fed grown wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in Zambia, Pawan Kumar Singh, Senior Scientist and Head of Wheat Pathology (CIMMYT), Batiseba Tembo, Wheat Breeder, Zambian Agricultural Research Institute (ZARI) batemfe@yahoo.com. Read the original article, learn more about the other highly distinguished scientists receiving this high honor, and access the entire workshop outcomes on the BGRI website. The Global Wheat Program is unique — no other wheat breeding program has a comparable impact. With the assistance of the training team, we also facilitate all the accommodations and arrangements for the participant’s trips and lodging in Mexico.”, JL: “What sparked your interest in being the training coordinator at CIMMYT?”, FCC: “As an alumnus, I personally understand the value of being part of this course. “Likely linked to China’s efforts to become self-sufficient in wheat, since 2007/08 the country has increased its stockpile by 225 percent, giving it a 64 percent share of the 138 million ton increase in global wheat stocks over this period,” Kaur Purewal observed. It’s a give and take. A recent article in the journal Nature Plants validates the work of wheat breeders who produce yield-boosting varieties for farmers across a range of incomes and environments. Demand for wheat by 2050 is predicted to increase by 50 percent from today’s levels. This story by Janet Lewis was originally posted on the website of the Borlaug Training Foundation. My first experience of working with CIMMYT was in 2003 as an attendee at the first Crawford Master Class on Soil-Borne Pathogens of Wheat in Turkey, hosted by Dr. Julie Nicol (the then-CIMMYT soil-borne disease pathologist) and colleagues. This strong global network contributed to another major milestone in CIMMYT wheat research: the rapid development and release of varieties with strong resistance to the virulent Ug99 race of wheat rust. pathologists, statisticians, mathematicians, and other scientific and technical “If there is a production issue—say, drought or a serious pest or disease outbreak in a key wheat growing country—then wheat stocks may not be as accessible as recent, bearish headlines suggest,” Kaur Purewal added. groups of genes (haplotypes) with negative or neutral effects – a finding which ranging agronomic inputs – has significant cost-saving implications. Conduct research to help farmers exploit the full potential of improved seed while conserving soil and water resources. Written by cbrantley on April 8, 2019. last week debating ways to improve CIMMYT’s wheat breeding program. CIMMYT’s specialty is to provide global expertise in two of the world’s The Global Wheat Program is unique — no other wheat breeding program has a comparable impact. pursuit of improvement is what differentiates exceptional from good, and the breeding effort to improve livelihoods across the globe – the philosophy behind CIMMYT is a member of the CGIAR System and leads the CGIAR programs on Maize and Wheat and the Excellence in Breeding Platform. Our role at this workshop is to review how Researchers were initially confused when symptoms of the disease in the Mpika fields were first reported. In addition, a delegation from Tunisia, including dignitaries from Tunisia’s National Institute of Field Crops (INGC), signed a memorandum of understanding with CIMMYT officials to promote cooperation in research and development through exchange visits, consultations and joint studies in areas of mutual interest such as the diversification of production systems. Today, around 60 million hectares are sown with CIMMYT-derived wheat varieties, increasing the annual income of farmers by around $3 billion dollars. All our young scientists that have dedicated their scientific career to wheat research from Ethiopia, Uruguay, Germany, India, China, Mexico, and Pakistan.”, If you’d like to learn more about the Basic Wheat Improvement Course or any programs offered at CIMMYT, you can find them at https://www.cimmyt.org/events/, Written by mmacneil on February 10, 2020. “In 1990, when the Commonwealth of Independent States was established, I saw this tremendous opportunity to work with Central Asia to develop better wheat varieties,” he said. important to raise genetic gain – and nutrition — in wheat now? After 21 years in Turkey, Braun accepted the position as director of CIMMYT’s Global Wheat Program and moved back to Mexico. Braun and Reynolds acknowledge that the longstanding beliefs listen to our collective experiences on how we might improve not only the Provide training opportunities in wheat breeding and crop management research. “If the climate worsens, as it seems destined to, we must The Wheat Quality laboratory ensures that CIMMYT varieties meet market demands for flour and bread quality. In 1999, CIMMYT initiated a soil-borne disease screening program with Turkish colleagues that continues until today. They’re doing an excellent job. Senior Scientist, Wheat Breeder and Pathologist for sub-Saharan Africa & Country Representative for Ethiopia, Principal Scientist, Durum Wheat Breeding, Senior Scientist, Soil Borne Diseases, and Country Representative for Turkey, Distinguished Scientist and Country Representative for China, Head of the Wheat Quality Laboratory and Cereal Chemist, Regional Representative for Asia and Country Representative for India, Distinguished Scientist and Head of Wheat Physiology, Senior Scientist - Wheat Improvement and Country Representative for Afghanistan, Distinguished Scientist and Head of Global Wheat Improvement. [Always, if you can, do something for others, because it’s the best way to do something for yourself].”, Written by Mike Listman on April 5, 2018. “We rest on the shoulders of a lot of mighty people who have come before us,” said Ronnie Coffman, vice chair of BGRI, speaking to a global audience of wheat scientists and farmers at the Technical Workshop as he presented four individuals with the award. United States. Seeing the impact of CIMMYT’s work on farmers was always a highlight for Braun. reminded the group. CIMMYT’s relationship with Mexico’s Ministry of Agriculture and the Obregón farmers union, the Patronato, is especially important to Braun. It also provided me with a firm view of the context of my PhD research and of how working with partners greatly enhances the value (and enjoyment) of scientific research. fertilizer and chemical plant protection usage, the authors conclude that Something needs to change to end extreme poverty — and that on top of COVID-19. breeding program? Posted in Award, Event, News. Accelerating Genetic Gains in Maize and Wheat (AGG), International Wheat Yield Partnership (IWYP), International Winter Wheat Improvement Program (IWWIP), Progress and opportunities for CIMMYT spring wheat breeding. “A set of research outcomes, including the development of resistant varieties, identification of effective fungicides, agronomic measures, and new findings in the epidemiology of disease development will be helpful in mitigating wheat blast in Zambia,” said Singh. In moving to CIMMYT, I take forward the many lessons I have learned since my first Crawford Fund-supported visit to Turkey back in 2003. High-Yield Wheat Breeding and Genetics, University of Saskatchewan, Canada. In the marketing year of 2019/2020, the global production volume of wheat amounted to over 765 million metric tons. He recalled what Norman Borlaug told him in 2004, when he became head of the Global Wheat Program: “‘Hans, I have confidence you can lead the program and I will always help you’ – and how he did.”, “I would like to thank all with whom I cooperated over four decades and who contributed to make CIMMYT’s program strong,” concluded Hans. Hans Braun, director of the Global Wheat Program at the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT), has received the Norman Borlaug Lifetime Achievement Award for nearly four decades of wheat research. The PD for GWP will establish and lead the vision and direction for wheat improvement at CIMMYT, focusing on sustainable wheat food security, reducing poverty, improving nutrition, mitigating and adapting to climate change, and strengthening of partner capabilities. My goal as the current coordinator is to contribute to ensuring food security worldwide through training and capacity building on wheat research!”, JL: “2019 was your first year as the training coordinator. (Photo: Xochiquetzal Fonseca/CIMMYT) In a landmark discovery for global wheat production, an international team led by the University of Saskatchewan and including scientists from the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) has sequenced the genomes for 15 wheat varieties representing breeding programs around the world, …

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